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Instrument Temperamen

Sekilas gambaran mengenai beberapa alat ukur baku yang digunakan untuk mengukur temperamen anak. Penjelasannya sengaja tidak diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia, agar maknanya tidak berubah.

Measures of Temperament by Age and Conceptual Model
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Infancy 0-12 months
  1. EITQ: Early Infancy Temperament Questionnaire – 76 items (Medoff-Cooper, Carey, & McDevitt, 1993)
  2. RITQ: Revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire – 95 items (Carey & McDevitt, 1978)
  3. IBQ: Infant Behavior Questionnaire – 94 items (Rothbart, 1981)
  4. IBQ-R: Infant Behavior Questionnaire Revised – 184 items (Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003)
  5. ICQ: Infant Characteristics Questionnaire – 24 items (Bates, Freeland, & Lounsbury, 1979)
Toddlerhood 13-36 months
  1. ICQ: Infant Characteristics Questionnaire – 32 items (Bates, Freeland, & Lounsbury, 1979)
  2. TTS: Toddler Temperament Scale – 97 items (Fullard, McDevitt, & Carey, 1984)
  3. CCTI: Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory – 30 items (Rowe & Plomin, 1977)
  4. EAS: EAS Temperament Survey for Children – 20 items (Buss & Plomin, 1984)
  5. TBAQ: Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire – 108 items (Goldsmith, 1996; 2000)
  6. ECBQ: Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire – 267 items (Putnam, Gartstein, &
  7. Rothbart, 2006)

Preschool 3-7 years
  1. BSQ: Behavioral Style Questionnaire – 100 items (McDevitt & Carey, 1978)
  2. DOTS-R: Dimensions of Temperament Survey Revised – 54 items (Windle & Lerner, 1986)
  3. CCTI: Colorado Childhood Temperament Inventory – 30 items (Rowe & Plomin, 1977)
  4. EAS: EAS Temperament Survey for Children – 20 items (Buss & Plomin, 1984) – T**
  5. CBQ: Children’s Behavior Questionnaire – 195 items (Rothbart, Ahadi, & Hershey, 2001)
  6. BIQ: Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire – 30 items (Bishop, Spence, & McDonald, 2003) – T
  7. TAB: Temperament Assessment Battery – 35 items (Martin, 1999) – T
  8. JTCI: Junior Temperament and Character Inventory – 86 items (Constantino et al., 2002)
School age 8-12 years
  1. MCTQ: Middle Childhood Temperament Questionnaire - 99 items (Hegvik, McDevitt,
  2. & Carey, 1982)
  3. STTQ: Shortened Teacher Temperament Questionnaire - 23 items (Keogh, Pullis, &
  4. Caldwell 1983)
  5. DOTS-R: Dimensions of Temperament Survey Revised - 54 items (Windle & Lerner, 1986)
  6. SATI: School-Age Temperament Inventory - 38 items (McClowry, 1995)

Note:
  • * Initials refer to the conceptual models, from which the instruments were derived. CP = Child Psychiatric approach of Thomas and Chess (pp. 8-9); CB = Criteria Based approach of Buss and Plomin (pp. 9-10); ES = Emotion Systems approach by Goldsmith and Campos (pp. 10-11); ND = Neurobiological Developmental approach of Rothbart (pp. 11-12); BT = Bio-Typological approach of Kagan (pp. 12-13); BIS/BAS = Behavioral Inhibition and Approach Systems theory of Gray; TC = Temperament and Character model of Cloninger (pp. 13-14).
  • ** T stands for the availability of a teacher version; the STTQ is specifically devised for teachers.


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